Fact: Cities – metropolises in particular, are responsible for the consumption of 75% of the produced energy all over the world. Moreover, they are the source of 80% of the CO2 emissions.
Fact: Until 2020 the population in the cities in China is supposed to reach a total number of 800 million people, spread mainly in 221 cities with no less than 1, 000, 000 inhabitants and 23 megalopolises with over 5,000,000 dwellers.
Question: How is the Chinese government going to deal with the overpopulation and the almost disappearing nutrition sources of the country?
Answer: Sustainable design: Farmscrapers to become the housing of the future.
With this rather unusual intro, I wanted to show you how fast the world population is growing, especially in some locations like China. Truth be told, people all over the planet are forced to deal with pollution, lack of resources and overpopulation in the big cities. However, a project ordered by the Chinese government for the city of Shenzhen stands out as particularly resourceful and sustainable.
The ambitious undertaking is developed by the market leader in sustainable innovations – Vincent Callebaut Architectures. To deal with both the rapidly increasing population and urban development, as well as with the social and environmental problems deriving from it, the company has proposed what has begun to be viewed as the embodiment of the concept of green living – farmscrapers.
What Are Farmscrapers?
Farmscrapers are essentially mixed-use skyscrapers. The idea was first proposed by the architect Ken Yeang. What Vincent Callebaut Architectures proposes to solve the Shenzen problem are six towers with residential apartments, recreational areas and even office spaces. Nothing innovational, right? But the true beauty of the project lies within the way gardens, solar cells and even wind turbines are incorporated in the design of the skyscrapers, allowing them to become self-sustainable.
The 396-metres-tall buildings with a total of 111 floors will have transparent external walls at some parts which will be turned into greenhouses where food can be grown. Throughout the farmscrapers, residents will also enjoy orchards and gardens. The design of the structures is both unique and functional. Each floor is to be shaped as a pebble and all of them will be connected to each other via a central column. The sustainable design of the farmscrapers will be complemented by sophisticated grey water system to recycle waste water coming from the bathrooms and the kitchen sinks.
By combining the latest biotechnologies and implementing smart architectural methods, the company offers a self-sustainable, green, dense city which diminishes the ecological footprint of the metropolis, provides oxygenation for the most polluted city areas and protects the biodiversity. In its core, each pebble represents a real eco-qarter, part of the vertical scraper and all six farmscrapers make for a new kind of city – a sustainable city!
Can you imagine living in a green, clean city in the sky?
A place where junk is recycled and re-used and the air is pure, a place where traffic noise is not to be heard, a place where words like overpopulation, pollution and CO2 emissions have no meaning…